Fire BehaviourComment on this page

See also Fire Attack for related topics

Attic Fire Behavior Study (UL)

The Art of Reading Smoke (Dave Dodson)

Kill the Flashover: research documents
Kill the Flashover began in 2011 and looks at the tactical causes to fire behavior that causes interior fire suppression and search crews thermal injuries or death.

SRSA Enclosure Fires.pdf (Swedish Rescue Services Agency)
The aim of this book is to help provide a deeper understanding of how fire behaves during enclosure fires. It focuses on understanding the processes involved in an enclosure fire. The main purpose, however, is not to look at how to actually fight this type of fire, by using smoke venting or applying a particular extinguishing medium, for instance, even though appropriate actions like these will be discussed in some sections. When discussing firefighting measures, reference will be made instead to relevant manuals dealing with smoke venting and extinguishing media.

Fire Behavior and Fireground Tactics, 7 part series (UL & NIST)

Fire Behavior and Fire Ground Considerations

Governors Island Live Fire Experiments, Governors Island Online Training (UL FSRI)

Modern Fire Behaviour is a joint effort between and the Underwriters Laboratories Fire Safety Research Institute. This site is meant to serve as a clearinghouse of news and training information related to Modern Fire Behavior and Modern Building Construction Research, Tactics, and Practices along with actual street experiences.

NIST Fire Behaviour Studies

UL... We need the rest of the story

ATF Fire Research Labratory

Understanding the Modern Fire Environment: Flow Path, Fuels and Ventilation
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3

ATF MAYDAY/LODD Fire Modeling Analysis with Scene Audio (FF Mark Falkenhan, Baltimore County FD LODD)

Max Fire Box

Max Fire Box is a commercial prop that can be used for demonstrating fire behavior for a number of possible real-world situations. There is a good video to watch that was made by the creators of the Max Fire Box. It helps to demonstrate fire behavior that is otherwise difficult to model.

Watch the full video here.


Fire Growth and Smoke Transport Modeling with CFAST
The Consolidated Model of Fire and Smoke Transport, CFAST, is a computer program that fire investigators, safety officials, engineers, architects and builders can use to simulate the impact of past or potential fires and smoke in a specific building environment. CFAST is a two-zone fire model used to calculate the evolving distribution of smoke, fire gases and temperature throughout compartments of a building during a fire.

Fire Dynamics Simulator and Smokeview
Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) is a large-eddy simulation code for low-speed flows, with an emphasis on smoke and heat transport from fires. Smokeview is a visualization program used to display the output of FDS and CFAST simulations.

Ventilation & Flow Path

Outside Vent Suitcase Drill.pdf (Traditions Training)
How to carry your roof hook & hooligan with your ladder

Anti-Ventilation Tactics (Ed Hartin)

Basement Fire Ventilation demo with miniature house prop

Flow Path Management

NIST Ventilation Studies

NIST Wind Driven Fires
Fire Fighting Tactics under Wind Driven Conditions LAB.pdf (Laboratory Experiments)
[[Fire_Fighting_Tactics_under_Wind_Driven_Conditions_7-STORY.pdf?]] (7-Story Building Experiments)

Pressurized Fire Attack Precautions.pdf (aka “The Big Threee”, Fire Engineering University)

UL Positive Pressure Attack
Study of the Effectiveness of Fire Service Positive Pressure Ventilation During Fire Attack in Single Family Homes Incorporating Modern Construction Practices (Report)

SRSA Ventilation.pdf (Swedish Rescue Services Agency)
This book includes theoretical concepts of fire ventilation, fundamental principles for fire gases and pressure and temperature conditions in buildings. The book also describes how fire ventilation ought to be implemented in practice, which problems and opportunities can be expected when creating openings in different types of structures and the essentials of positive pressure ventilation. In chapter 9 there is a general reasoning on tactics during fire ventilation. The final chapter in the book presents examples of fire fighting situations.

Ventilation Factors You Cannot Control

Why Thermal Flowpaths Are Key to Successful Firefighting (FDIC 2013)

High Rise Experiments by NIST

Evaluating Positive Pressure Ventilation In Large Structures: High-Rise Fire Experiments by NIST (Stephen Kerber; Daniel Madrzykowski). A series of six experiments was conducted in a high-rise apartment building in Chicago, Illinois during November 2006. Experiments on each of the fire floors utilized portable fans and another utilized a large truck or trailer mounted fan. Two experiments on the third floor examined the effects of wind driven fire conditions. All of the experiments created high temperatures and dense smoke conditions in the hallway.

Evaluating Positive Pressure Ventilation In Large Structures: High-Rise Pressure Experiments by NIST (Stephen Kerber; Daniel Madrzykowski; D W. Stroup). One hundred and sixty experiments were conducted in a thirty-story vacant office building in Toledo, Ohio to evaluate the ability of fire department positive pressure ventilation fans to pressurize a stairwell in a high-rise structure in accordance with established performance metrics for fixed stairwell pressurization systems.